The dictionary meaning of a eunuch is: A castrated man, especially one in charge of a harem, or a high-voiced singer; an ineffectual person, lacking in some way in force or power. While reviewing the history of eunuchs, we came across two types: Congenital eunuch: A congenital eunuch is one born with ambiguous genitals. Also referred toas a hermaphrodite or a natural eunuch. In the West and congenital eunuch is known as an intersexual, which is a general term used for a variety of conditions in which a person is born with a reproductive or sexual anatomy that does not fit the typical definitions of male or female. In Urdu, a congenital eunuch is called a ‘khusra.’
In May 2015, Muhammad Khan Sheerani, the Chairman of the Council for Islamic Ideology (CII) said that eunuchs are a part of society and should be considered part of the family. Their male and female genetic analysis must to be done so that they may be granted status accordingly.
Mr. Sheerani was talking about congenital eunuchs, who are born with ambiguous genitals. Such persons are also known as intersexuals. At present, in Pakistan, eunuchs are often categorized under the umbrella term: transgender. This includes: hermaphrodites (khusras), transvestites (zenanas), and transsexuals (narbans). The term ‘transgender’ often times, includes lesbians, gays and bisexuals (LGB) too.
Eunuchs have a history that spans back thousands of years. It is well known that eunuchs played an important role during the Mughal era in the Indian Subcontinent. They had access to royal palaces where they were employed as guards to the harems, administrators, teachers, treasurers, and loyal servants.
One eunuch of great importance, mentioned in "The Imperial Treasuries," the A'in-i Akbari, 1590, was called I'timad Khan, a title bestowed on him for his trustworthiness. His real name was Phul Malik. He was a commander of one thousand. I'timad Khan took part in the conquest of Bengal, and in 1576, he was appointed governor of Bhakkar. (Jaffrey, p. 37)
There seems to be some confusion in society regarding the inheritance rights of eunuchs. It is important to note here that there is no dispute about the rights of inheritance of the transvestites (zenanas) or the transgenders (nirbans; castrated men) as they are males who have been castrated or dress up and behave like women. They are entitled to a male person's share in their inheritance. The persons whose inheritance rights are disputed are eunuchs (khusras or hermaphrodites) because it is difficult to ascertain whether they should get the share of a male or a female under Islamic Law.