Equal Pay for Equal Work
Equal pay for equal work or pay equity refers to the principle of equal remuneration for work of equal value. Although it is a fundamental right enshrined in the International Labor Organization’s Equal Remuneration Convention, 1951 (No. 100), pay equity has remained largely unattained and women around the world continue to face pay discrimination (ILO, 2008). Pakistan ratified the Equal Remuneration Convention in 2001, and the Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111) in 1961. Pakistan has also ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), which asserts the right to equal remuneration for work of equal value. However, despite these commitments, women in Pakistan still face pay discrimination.